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    00015英语二模拟演练

    浏览:492  日期:2017-01-08 15:54:10

    山东省高等教育自学bob官方下载

    英语(二)模拟试题3

    (课程代码:00015 bob官方下载时间:150分钟)

    注意事项:

    答案必须写在答题卡规定的区域内,未按要求作答的答案无效。

    I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each item)

    在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其选出并将答题卡的相应代码涂黑。错涂、多涂或未涂均无分。

    1. I switched ______ the taper recorder, pressed the button and it started.

    A  inB. off

    C .onD. at

    2. ______ the cost of the journeys she had made, the author had financial problems when she graduated from her university.

         A.  Because of                      B. In case of   

         C.  As for                          D. rather than

    3. Without music, the world  a dull place.

         A. will be                           B. would have been

         C. will have been                     D. would be

    4. He worked very hard, otherwise he ______.

         A. would have failed                  B. will have failed

         C. will fail                          D. would fail

    5. The porter ______ the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke.

         A. ought to callB. ought to have called

         C. should callD. should have calling

    6. Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them _______ half price.

         A. as                              B. for

         C. at                              D. in

    7. _______, even the most modern aircraft looks clumsy and slow.

         A. For contrast                      B. By contrast

         C. With contrast                     D. On contrast

    8. _______ seen such a beautiful sight.

         A. Never have I                     B. Never I have

         C. Only have I D. Only I did

    9. Round to the corner _______ a mailman.

         A. did come                       B. does come

         C. is coming                       D. came

    10. He didn’t _______ school in spite of his poor family.

    A. drop inB. drop off

    C. for                             D. drop out of

    II. Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point for each item)

    下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。请根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并将答题卡的相应代码涂黑。

       China was bound to  11the US in terms of total energy consumption sooner or later, and according to IEA  12  , it happened in 2009.

       One long-term factor behind this development is China's population – more than four times  13 of the US – with a growing appetite for consumer goods that need energy to use and to  14  .

       The other key reason is China's rapid economic growth, an annual average of 10%  15 the last two decades, compared with a much slower 2.6% in the United States. Much of China's economic growth has been in industry and construction, which are big energy users.

       The timing of China overtaking the US also reflects the global financial crisis, which   16   the American economy much harder and so had a bigger   17 on the country's energy use.

       China's new  18 in energy consumption is yet another indicator of its growing influence in the global economy especially in international energy markets.

       But while China's total energy consumption has, according to the IEA, overtaken the US, it's still far behind in terms of energy use per person, by a factor of more than three. Chinese officials have said the IEA's data are unreliable, and fail to  19 what they call their relentless efforts to cut energy use and emissions.

       The response probably reflects China's sensitivityto criticism of its growing global influence. But the IEA's analysis is not a criticism. A senior official at the agency described China's growing energy consumption as legitimate,   20    its population.

    11. A. overtake           B. less            C. much           D. little

    12. A. counts            B. calculations   C. multiplications       D. outcomes

    13. A. which            B. as           C. such               D. that

    14. A. turn down        B. turn in        C. manufacture         D. fabricate

    15. A. on              B. beneath        C. over               D. under

    16. A. hits             B. hitting         C. being hit           D. hit

    17. A. impact          B. impacting      C. effects             D. effect

    18. A. lead            B. leader         C. heading            D. head

    19. A. a time          B. a stage         C. an age            D. a period

    20. A. a presence       B. an appearance   C. an expression       D. a disclosure

    III. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)

    从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将答题卡的相应代码涂黑。

    Passage One

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

    On Christmas Day 1990, in a laboratory in Switzerland, British physicist Tim Berners-Lee finished developing the tools to create the World Wide Web. He was working at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, Cern, in Geneva.

       His boss gave him the green light to work on the project during his spare time and together with the help of his Belgian colleague Robert Cailliau, Tim Berners-Lee produced the world’s first webpage.

       The experiment heralded a new era because it demonstrated how computers could talk to each other through a new language they created called Hyper-Text Markup Language, or HTML.

       Currently there might be anything up to a trillion webpages with all sorts of content. People buy and sell products and services, make friends through these pages, learn and teach. We found many enthusiasts of the web in the streets of London.

       Man 1: “It means having information in your home with easy access which in the past would have only been available in thousands of libraries. So it’s information at your fingertips.”

       Woman: “Access to a lot of people really. We’ve got a lot of family overseas so we use Skype quite a bit.”

       Man 2: “Information, news, social groups.”

       Man 3: “I’m just using it usually for emails and social networking with my friends and well, reading newspapers and information. Basically everything!”

       Fortunes were made in the World Wide Web. Many say that Tim Berners-Lee could have been a billionaire through his invention but he said that all he wants is to keep the egalitarian spirit of the web intact and the medium free to use. Many users share the same ideals.

    21. What is this passage talking about?

       A. The birth of the World Wide Web.

       B. The biography of a physicist.

       C. The importance of the first webpage.

       D. The application of some HTML.

    22. Who is Tim Berners-Lee?

       A. An internet user.

       B. A physicist won the Nobel Prize.

       C. A physicist who also designed the first webpage.

       D. A write who writes in a brand new language.

    23. Where were the people interviewed?

       A. Bern.

       B. London.

       C. Geneva.

       D. An unknown city in England.

    24. Which of the following best describes the interviewees’ attitudes towards the internet?

       A. Fearful.

       B. Indifferent.

       C. Distanced.

       D. Enthusiastic

    25. Which of the following is incorrect about the application of the Web?

       A. It can be used in many ways.

       B. It has become very popular among average people.

       C. The inventor of the internet hopes everybody has access to medium.

       D. It was designed by a government official in Europe.

    Passage Two

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

    After a survey by a group of international experts, the beaches at Sharm el-Sheikh are to reopen, but only after strict new safety measures are in place. There will be continuous patrols by boats close to shore.  

       Watch towers are being established along the beaches, manned by professional divers, equipped with binoculars to scan for any sign of sharks. Swimmers will have to remain within designated areas, and rules against feeding sharks or any other sea life are being reinforced.

    The international shark experts concluded that recent attacks were carried out by more than one shark, so waiting until the culprit was caught seems not to have been an option before opening the beaches, especially as the peak Christmas season approaches. But tourists may be understandably nervous and at least some cancellations are reported.

    26. What probably happened before the re-opening of the beach?

       A. It must have been destroyed by a rainstorm.

       B. It must have been visited by a dangerous shark.

       C. Some people must have come here for suicidal.

       D. There must have been a serious pollution.

    27. Which of the following is NOT correct?

       A. International experts surveyed the beach before its reopening.

       B. Patrol boats are used to keep the beach under close watch.

       C. People are not allowed to come to the beach.

       D. Tourists do not come to the beach any longer.

    28. Which of the following is NOT included in the safety measures?

       A. Patrol boats.

       B. Watch tower.

       C. Professional divers.

       D. International experts.

    29. What can people do after the reopening of the beach?

       A. Swim in designated area.

       B. Feed sea animals except sharks.

       C. Celebrate Christmas with professional divers.

       D. Learn how to dive from professional divers.

    30. Which of the following is correct

       A. Several sharks may attack together.

       B. Sharks only attack at night.

       C. The beach will be reopened till the culprit is caught.

       D. The international shark experts patrol the beach every day.

    Passage Three

    Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

    There have been some shocking cases of violent child abuse in Britain in recent years. To mention just two: Kristy Bamu was murdered in 2010 because his attackers thought he was a witch. He was 15. And then there was the gruesome case of the headless torso belonging to a five or six-year-old boy found in the River Thames a decade ago.

       In trying to tackle the problem, the government has brought together faith leaders, charities, the police and social workers. Under its new action plan it urges closer cooperation between these groups. Those critical of the plan, while welcoming it as an important step, say more faith leaders need to acknowledge the problem of ritual killings.

       Despite the differences of opinion which exist, the government says it will now help provide support to those who witness such activity. It also says it wants to appoint mentors – people who can listen to members of affected communities. But the government admits that more research is needed for the problem to be properly eradicated.

    31. Who was Kristy Bamu according to the passage?

       A. He was a witch.

       B. He was a boy violently attacked to death.

       C. He killed some witch.

       D. He was killed by his relatives.

    32. What was found in the Thames 10 years ago?

       A. The incomplete body of a young boy.

       B. Five or six young boys’ bodies.

       C. The body of Kristy Bamu.  

       D. The body of a witch.

    33. Which of the following is not included in the meetings arranged by the government?

       A. Charity workers.

       B. Police.

       C. Educators.

       D. Religious people.

    34. What does the word ‘eradicated’ mean?

       A. Cured

       B. Fired.

       C. Uprooted.

       D. Completed.

    35. Which of the following is NOT correct?

       A. A serious child abuse problem exists in the United Kingdom.

       B. Mentors have been designated to children subject to abuse.

       C. Children might become victim to some religious belief.

       D. More faith leaders should acknowledge ritual killings.

    IV. Word Spelling (10 points, 1 point for two items)

    将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的此类、首字母及字母数目均已给出,请将完整的单词写在答题卡上。

    36. 喝彩,欢呼 n. a _ _ _ _ _ _

    37. 管理,经营n. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    38. 完成v. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    39. 痛苦,苦恼 n. a_ _ _ _ _ _

    40. 预先准备,事先处理 v. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    41. 确信,断言,保证 n. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    42. 交流,交际v. c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    43. 通常的,惯例的a. c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    44. 贡献,奉献n. d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    45. 毁坏 v. d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    46. 使人丧失信心,使人沮丧v. d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    47. 预期的,期望的 a. e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    48. 单调的,乏味的a. m_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    49. 自我陶醉,自恋n. n_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    50. 不公平对待,自虐 v. m_ _ _ _ _ _ _

    51. 义务,职责n. o_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    52. 压倒,击溃v. o_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    53. 参加者,参与者 n. p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    54. 低估,看轻v. u_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    55. 持续不变的,持久的 a. s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

    V. Word Form (10 points, 1 point for each item)

    请根据下列各句的意思,将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白,并将答案写在答题卡上。

    56. The world would move from a state of energy scarcity to an era of _______(exhaust) energy resources.

    57. They are also more likely to have a miscarriage or stillbirth, or for their babies to be born with an _______ (normal).

    58. The need of the hour is to enhance and _______(large) the scope of cooperation between nations.

    59. Therefore, it is very crucial to have men to be part of gender _______(equal) projects.

    60. If I take a school an educated woman would be _______(value) as a help to me.

    61. Well the answer seems to be, the universe can create _______ (complex), but with great difficulty.

    62. My _______ (recognize) of him was immediate.(recognize)

    63. He tried to walk off the_______ (annoy) his son gave him.

    64. Geography has given the US extensive and accessible resources, fertile land, and a _______ (benefit) climate.

    65. Song verse is often not typical English for study. But it is an _______(enjoy) way, and is good for youngsters.

    VI. Translate the following sentences from Chinese into English (15 points, 3 points for each item)请将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题卡上。

    66. 如果经理不能及时醒来,就叫醒他。

    67. 尽管他可能很聪明,他不会那样做的。

    68. 他一到就病倒了。

    69. 只有那时他才认识到他错了。

    70. 除非他明确邀请,我从未进过他的房间。

    VII. Translate the following sentences from English into Chinese (15 points)请将下列各句译成汉语并将答案写在答题卡上。

    71.   Sometimes books were illustrated with woodcuts. Blocks of wood were carved so that the white parts of the picture were below the surface of the wood. When the surface was inked and stamped onto paper, the dark part of the picture was reproduced. The first attempts, of course, were rather crude, but eventually the block printers were making meticulous and artistic illustrations. Florence, in Italy and Lyons, in France, became famous for their illustrated books.

       In the seventeenth century, great numbers of religious pamphlets were printed. These pamphlets were not always neat or artistic because the writers were only interested in spreading their ideas quickly, and the readers did not consider the appearance of the book important.

     

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